Alcoholism in the workplace has a profound impact on safety and productivity. Most heavy and binge drinkers have jobs, with more than sixty percent employed as full-time workers.
According to the U.S. Office of Personnel Management, the cost of alcoholism at work ranges from $33 billion to $68 billion a year with absenteeism estimated to be four to eight times greater among alcoholics and alcohol abusers.
Alcohol does not just affect the user: One in five employees have reported injuries or exposure to dangerous conditions because of a co-worker’s drinking, or have had to go beyond their regular work responsibilities to compensate for an employee who was alcohol-impaired.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism reports, however, that a place of employment can be an effective location for preventing or identifying alcohol-related problems.
Employers and employees, therefore, can work together to create a safe and productive workplace by identifying high-risk situations and developing policies to prevent or offset them.
What are the Effects of Alcoholism in the Workplace?
Employees abusing drugs or alcohol frequently show up to work late, may have trouble concentrating because of hangovers, get involved in more accidents than their sober co-workers, and take longer leaves of absence when injured. Absenteeism can also increase because of substance abuse.
Identifying these behaviors early on leads to an increased likelihood that the worker will receive help for his/her problems before they become unmanageable or pose a threat to self or others. Each employee has a responsibility for becoming educated about alcoholism and learning what he/she can do if facing such a problem at home or work.
Assessing the Situation
Recognize that alcoholism is not just a social problem or disease, but also an occupational hazard. If there are colleagues who you suspect of showing signs of alcohol abuse, talk with them in private about their behavior. Allow the person to make the decision to seek professional help for him/herself or suggest counseling services yourself.
It may be advisable, however, to refer the worker's supervisors and/or family members for additional input when confronting someone at work about drinking problems because education is important for everyone involved.
The most effective way to reduce injuries due to alcohol is through self-report. "Alcohol Screening Programs" have been implemented in some workplaces where employees are asked to take occasional breathalyzer tests. This type of program has been shown to reduce accidents and improve compliance with safety rules.
Employee Assistance Programs, or EAPs, are workplace-based programs that provide employees access to counseling for personal problems such as stress, marital difficulties, depression and alcohol/substance abuse. An evaluation of the effectiveness of EAPs found that those who used them were more productive than those who did not participate in these services.
Employees encountering problems with the use of alcohol by themselves or others can turn to EAP (employee assistance programs). These workplace-based services are designed to help employees and their family members address personal issues that affect job performance.
The goal is to enhance employee wellness, promote safety in the workplace, create a healthier environment for everyone involved, decrease absenteeism, increase productivity and reduce medical claims/costs. As the EAP provider, your organization can have direct access to counseling professionals qualified in alcohol abuse treatment.
Employees also have a role in identifying problem drinkers and can play an active part in curbing alcohol abuse at work. People who observe the following behavior patterns should consider them warning signs:
In many organizations, supervisors are responsible for managing employee behaviors that might lead to accidents or incidents of misconduct. Organizations have found that performance reviews with feedback on work-related expectations and limits often reduce the potential for conflict and problems in the workplace.
Employers should conduct a risk assessment to identify potential issues that may arise from alcohol use, and have a policy for addressing drinking at work. The EAP provider can help assess the risks involved and implement an appropriate policy.
To combat alcoholism in the workplace, many employers are creating comprehensive drug-free programs. Typically, these feature five components:
Creating an alcohol and drug-free workplace should be a collaborative effort between employers and employees where the needs of both parties are recognized, the right to privacy is protected, and mutual respect is a constant.
By working together, organizations can create a more productive workplace by identifying high-risk situations and developing policies to prevent or offset them.
Other Sources: U.S. Department of Labor/Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy
Alcoholism and the Workplace - Tips and information on handling an alcoholic employee.
Job-Site Screening for Alcohol or Alcoholism - Learn about drug and alcohol testing in the workplace. Why drug testing is so important, and information about the types of drug and alcohol tests that are available.