Alcoholism is a life-threatening disease that requires professional attention and an alcoholic rehab program designed to help the alcoholic (and his or her family) to recover physical and emotional wellness.
Choosing the right alcohol rehab center for your treatment is critical. You can get referrals from your doctor or a therapist who specializes in the treatment of addictions.
There are several types of treatment available at most alcohol rehab centers. The most intensive treatment is inpatient care. The patient stays in the rehab center for round-the-clock care. This is the preferred level of treatment for those with severe addictions and those who need to detox.
Then there is intensive outpatient care. The patient attends treatment for several hours a day, several days a week. This allows the patient to get intensive therapy while still remaining home with their family. The patient may also be able to work while attending an intensive outpatient program.
There is also less intensive outpatient care. The patient may attend one or two therapy sessions a week. This is often done as a follow-up to inpatient or intensive outpatient treatment.
An addictions specialist at the alcoholic rehab center will evaluate you to determine the appropriate level of care to meet your needs.
Most drug alcohol rehab programs include five primary components: medical evaluation, detox, psychological evaluation, therapy, and after care.
There are a number of medical problems that are common in alcoholics. These include damage to the liver and pancreas, malnutrition, and stomach ulcers. A thorough medical evaluation will identify any medical problems, and appropriate treatment can be provided.
Many alcoholics are used to drinking on a daily basis. When they first enter an alcoholic rehab program and are unable to drink, they go through a period of withdrawal. They experience symptoms such as nausea, shakiness, sweating, and anxiety. Patients who need to detox are usually treated on an inpatient basis. That way they can be closely monitored during the detox process.
The psychological evaluation is done in order to determine if the patient suffers from any mental health conditions separate from the alcoholism. For instance, many alcoholics also suffer from depression. In order for the alcohol rehab treatment to be successful, the depression must be treated as well.
Alcohol rehab centers offer both individual and group therapy. Individual therapy allows the patient to develop insight into their addiction and to deal with the personal issues that led to their drinking problem.
Group therapy provides the opportunity for alcoholics to learn new coping skills from one another and to share experiences with others in similar situations. Group therapy sessions are usually facilitated by a professional counselor, but self-help groups like Alcoholics Anonymous may be offered at the alcohol rehab center as well.
After care is provided by the alcohol rehab center in order to assure the patient does not relapse after completing their treatment program. After care, sometimes called extended care, may last for months following the completion of the rehab program. It usually consists of group support sessions that meet on a weekly basis.
It is the combination of these components of treatment - medical evaluation, detox, psychological evaluation, therapy, and after care - that creates a successful rehab program.